Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive type of surgery that is sometimes referred to as keyhole surgery due to the keyhole shape of the small incisions used. This type of surgery is commonly used by OB-GYNs to diagnose and treat a wide variety of abdominal and pelvic conditions.
Laparoscopy uses a laparoscope, a long thin instrument that features a light source at its tip, to light up the interior of the abdomen or the pelvic region. This laparoscope is inserted through very small incisions, usually just 0.5–1.5 cm in length. These incisions are far smaller and less invasive than those made in traditional open surgery. Fiber optic fibers transmit images from the lens at the tip of the laparoscope to a video monitor where the surgeon can see the area in real time. The surgeon can precisely control the laparoscope, performing the operation using laparoscopic instruments that are inserted into the laparoscope, as they closely monitor a close-up view of the surgical area on the screen.
Laparoscopic surgery is used in many different situations, including:
Laparoscopic surgery is far superior to open surgery for many types of procedures today. The incisions in laparoscopic surgery are far smaller, there is less bleeding during laparoscopic surgery, and patients generally recover faster from laparoscopic surgery than they do from traditional open surgery. Patients are often able to go back to work much more quickly with laparoscopic surgery versus open surgery. Many surgeries that were once done only via open surgery, for example, hysterectomy, are now being increasingly performed via laparoscopy. Dr. Ferro will explain and answer all your questions if a laparoscopy is needed.
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