An Intrauterine Device (IUD) is a method of birth control. An IUD works by releasing hormones that can prevent egg fertilization. An IUD also thickens cervical mucus and thins the lining of the uterus. All these actions work together to prevent pregnancy. The progesterone containing IUDs have also been approved and are very effective for women experiencing abnormal periods.
IUD insertion is done in the office, and it is a quick and straightforward procedure (less than 10 minutes).. After an IUD insertion, women generally don't need downtime or recovery time. In some cases, there may be cramping associated with the insertion of the device but this generally passes quite quickly,and is minimized by having the patient pre-medicate with ibuprofen prior to the insertion.
The ideal candidate for an Intrauterine Device is a woman who has given birth in the past. When a woman gives birth, her uterine capacity is expanded, something that allows for more secure placement of an IUD. Women who have not given birth can also opt for an Intrauterine Device if the doctor evaluates them and determines that this is the best birth control option. Fortunately, smaller IUDs are now available, which work better for women who have not given birth.
People who plan to have children in the future may find that an IUD is an excellent choice for family planning. An IUD can be used for pregnancy prevention for as much as 5 years, and it can be removed at any time by Dr. Ferro. Once the IUD has been removed, it is typically fine for a woman to begin trying to conceive whenever she feels ready.
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